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Moscow is an old city. Yury Dolgoruki founded it in 1147. In the early 12th century, Prince Yury was Prince of Vladimir and Suzdal, and Prince of Kiev at the same time. Those days, Kiev was the capital of the country called Kievan Rus. Kiev was in the south and Vladimir was in the north, so it was difficult to live and rule in both towns at the same time. Yury lived and ruled in Kiev and his son Andrey in Vladimir. Many years passed. Prince Yury was an old man and he decided to visit his son. He and his men set off to Vladimir. Their journey was long and difficult. One day, when they were in a dark forest, Prince Yury suddenly saw a large white cloud. The cloud slowly turned into a huge animal with three heads. Then, it disappeared. “It’s a sign!” said Prince Yury’s adviser. This is the place for a great city. Everyone laughed at him. A few hours later they reached a small village on the bank of the Moskva River. The ruler of the place was boyarin Stepan Kuchko. He did not open the gates and a fight began. Prince Yuri and his men won the battle. It was then that the Prince said, “This is a place for a new town. I will build it here and call it Moskva”. Today Moscow is the capital of Russia and one of the most famous cities in the world. Moscow is famous for its architectural and cultural monuments of world significance: the Kremlin (15-17th centuries) - the former residence of the Russian tzars is considered to be one of the most beautiful architectural ensembles in the world, the St.Basil`s Cathedral (1551-1561) - the masterpiece of Russian architecture is located on the Red Square. Moscow is well-known thanks to its theatres and museums. The Bolshoy Theatre (1776) - one of the leading opera and ballet theatres in the world, the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, the Tretyakov Gallery, the Historical Museum, the ancient estate Kolomenskoye (14th century) - one of the residences of the Russian princes and tsars, the Kuskovo estate (18th century) are among them. The Moscow metro is one of the most beautiful in the world.